The Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement (SECURE) Act of 2019 changed the distribution options for most IRA beneficiaries. In the first part of this two-part series, we reviewed the requirements for a trust to qualify as see-through, and the available distributions options. Now in this second and final part, we will cover questions about “ghost” life expectancy, as well as the taxation or distributions.
When a traditional IRA account owner dies after their required beginning date (RBD), a trust that does not meet the see-through trust rules has the option of continuing the deceased owner’s remaining life expectancy.
It depends. First, let’s assume the only asset the trust has is the IRA distribution. The IRA distribution is paid to the trust and is considered income to the trust. If the trust distributes the income to a beneficiary, the income is included in the beneficiary’s income and taxed at his/her rate. If the trust can accumulate income, then any income that remains in the trust is taxed at the trust tax rates. Assuming they are qualified, Roth IRA distributions are tax-free.
The trust tax rates have compressed tax brackets. This means income retained by the trust in excess of $12,950 will be taxed at the maximum rate of 37%. Assuming they are qualified, Roth IRA distributions are tax-free, except to the extent interest is credited from the cash account in the trust.
As this Q & A explains, it is complex when the beneficiary of an IRA is a trust. If a special-needs child, someone compromised by addiction or with creditor problems, or a similar issue is involved, a trust most likely makes sense. It will protect the beneficiary in many other cases; the only concern is that the beneficiary will not have immediate access to all the funds. Other options, such as predetermined beneficiary payout option may allow for a distribution over time and be easier to manage. As this is a complicated area, always remember to consult your tax and legal professionals before making any decisions.
For more information on retirement-planning strategies, please contact the Retirement Strategies Group at (800) 722-2333, or email us at RSG@PacificLife.com.
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